Area Guide

Kathmandu City Information

Nepal is a landlocked south Asian country bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the north, and India to the south, east and west.  The Himalayas hosts eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including Mt. Everest which is located in the northern region of Nepal.


Nepal is approximately 147,181 sq m in area and trapezoidal in shape.  It is a unique travel destination with diverse geography; from incomparable snow-capped mountain ranges to colourful valleys and plains, ancient architecture, art, culture and vivid traditional festivities.  Religious and spiritual symbolism is prevalent in every aspect of Nepali life and can be seen everywhere.


Kathmandu is Nepal’s capital and also its largest city.  Kathmandu is located in the Kathmandu Valley along with the cities of Patan and Bhaktapur.


Kathmandu Valley is situated at an altitude of 1,350 m (4,400 ft) above sea level, and covers an area of 50.67 sq m.  The valley enjoys an incredible amount of sunshine and maintains a pleasant, temperate weather throughout the year.


The city is served by Tribhuvan International Airport, which provides regular flights to Thailand, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Korea, Japan, Dubai, Qatar, UAE and various cities in India and China.


It is believed that the city of Kantipur - now known as Kathmandu - was founded around the tenth century.  It was during this period that Kasthamandap (house of wood) gave the city its name and can still be seen in Kathmandu’s Durbar Square.  The entire Kathmandu Valley is really one enormous art gallery and museum, and the arts and architecture in Nepal are intrinsically linked.  The finest woodcarvings and the best sculptures are often part of a building: a temple is not simply a temple without its finely carved roof struts.  The crafts also reflect Tantric Hindu and Buddhist overtones.


For most visitors to Nepal, Kathmandu Valley is the arrival point and the primary focus of the visit.  This small, mountain-sheltered valley is the historical centre of Nepal, a place where kingdoms rose and fell, where palaces and temples were built and rebuilt, and where Nepali art and culture was developed and refined.  Rivers and streams interlace with the landscape, the brick-red villages cling to ridges to preserve precious land and even from the bustling centres of each of the cities, it is possible to catch a glimpse of the snow-capped peaks of the majestic Himalayas against the intense blue skies.


Shopping in Kathmandu is an experience all its own.  Thamel, Kathmandu’s tourist hotspot, is where shoppers can find Nepalese, Tibetan and Indian artifacts, woodcarvings, handicraft and an assortments of unique clothing and apparel.  There are also several malls where you can find fashionable clothing and grocery stores, offering everything from wine to breakfast cereals.  There are numerous dining options available throughout the city, including Italian, Indian, Thai, Korean and Chinese in addition to a variety of local cuisine.


For more information on Kathmandu, please click here to view our recommendations for Offsite Activities.


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PO Box 9609, Taragaon, Boudha, Kathmandu, Nepal,

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